It explains how the State is to budget and spend its money and also provides for a way that the State can be audited to make sure public funds are used appropriately. Congressional delegation | Elections calendar | The amendment does not itself change tax rates. Leader of the Illinois Legislative Branch. Click here to contact us for media inquiries, and please donate here to support our continued expansion. From 1818 until 1848, Illinois went through a time of rapid growth and development. The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the land and the 2nd ammendment says that our rights shall not be infringed. All men are by nature free and independent and have certain inherent and inalienable rights among which are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. No branch shall The power of taxation shall not be surrendered, suspended, or contracted away. Name the three branches of the Illinois government. Article II of Illinois Constitution. SECTION 2. State constitution, Courts in Illinois | The General Assembly is divided into 2 houses--the Senate and the House of Representatives. Ballot access for parties | Constitutional Revision-mandates the General Assembly or Secretary of State to bring forth the question of a Constitutional Convention to the voters in the general election. Article II of the Illinois Constitution is entitled The Powers of the State. SECTION 2. (Source: Illinois Constitution.) Illinois! Which article in the Illinois constitution deals with voting requirements. Article XIV. if(document.getElementsByClassName("reference").length==0) if(document.getElementById('Footnotes')!==null) document.getElementById('Footnotes').parentNode.style.display = 'none'; Illinois elections in 2021 | Ballot measure laws | State Senate | Four judges constituted a quorum and the concurrence of 4 was necessary for decision. Local governments are given limited powers to pass local laws or ordinances. The power of taxation shall not be surrendered, suspended, or contracted away. The current version was adopted in a special election on December 15, 1970.. Article IV of Illinois Constitution. Section 1. 18, registered, resident-30 days, citizen. Article XI allows the General Assembly to pass laws to ensure a healthy environment. The 1818 Illinois Constitution created three branches of government, just like the U.S. Constitution--legislative, executive, and judicial. (Source: Illinois Constitution.) It has four sections which describe the different ways that the constitution can be amended going forward.. A constitutional convention can be held if: . Circuit Courts, Budget and finances | lawyer, live in area, citizen. Article VI sets up a three-court system in Illinois--a Supreme Court, an Appellate Court and the Circuit Courts. The Supreme Court was comprised of 7 judges whose terms of office were 9 years. Supreme Court. But the Illinois Constitution approved 50 years ago this week contained a credo for environmental protection that was a national harbinger. Public pensions | The current Constitution contains a Preamble and fourteen Articles: The Preamble is similar to the Preamble in the U.S. Constitution and explains why the Illinois Constitution was written. PREAMBLE: ARTICLE VIII - FINANCE: ARTICLE I - BILL OF RIGHTS: ARTICLE IX … Text of Section 1: Inherent and Inalienable Rights. Local governments are counties, municipalities, townships, and cities. Illinois is mandated by its constitution to tax income at a flat rate, but an amendment on the Nov. 3 ballot seeks to get rid of that mandate. Known as 'The Land of Lincoln,' the state of Illinois has a rich history dating back to the early 1800s. To secure these rights and the … General Provisions of the Illinois Constitution-for example disqualification from office, state retirement and oath of office are covered. Illinois Government Lesson 2 - The Illinois Constitution . Section 2. Article VIII says that public funds and property can only be used for public purposes. All students in the state are required to have knowl-edge of the Illinois Constitution. Campaign finance requirements | Environment | LEGISLATURE - POWER AND STRUCTURE The legislative power is vested in a General Assembly consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives, elected by the electors from 59 Legislative Districts and 118 Representative Districts. (Source: Illinois Constitution.) The Illinois Constitution of 1970 is the basic governing law of Illinois and provides the framework for state and local government. SECTION 1. With little discussion, it protected … Articles. The first Illinois Constitution was written the summer of 1818 in Kaskaskia. Supreme Court | What are the basic subdivisions of Illinois called. Why is the Illinois constitution a longer document than the United States constitution. Financial regulation | Succeeding constitutions were ratified in 1848, 1870 and 1970. The 1970 Constitution of Illinois has a preamble, 14 articles and a schedule. Voting in Illinois | Legislative power comes from a body known as the General Assembly. Constitution of the State of Illinois Adopted at special election on December 15, 1970. and functions shall not be construed as a limitation of General Assembly. [1], The enumeration in this Constitution of specified powers Ill. Constitution, Article XIV, Section 2. DUE PROCESS AND EQUAL PROTECTION No person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law nor be denied the equal protection of the laws. Rather, the Illinois Supreme Court says that the constitution-writers intentionally gave pensions an elevated level of protection beyond what the U.S. Constitution requires via this clause. Taxes. Article III sets up voting qualifications and election laws. Moody’s, State of Illinois in Depth, May 30, 2018. Public education | Redistricting, List of Illinois ballot measures | Judicial Selection | The first Illinois Constitution was written the summer of 1818 in Kaskaskia. This book, Understanding the Illinois Constitution, has been written to provide a concise resource for study Article V sets up rules for the executive branch. Important features of the fourth Illinois Constitution include the creation of home rule powers for larger municipalities and other units of local government. 2021 legislative session | Article IX covers how the the State can collect money from the people of the State through taxes. The amendment would remove the portion of the Revenue Article of the Illinois Consti- tution that is sometimes referred to as the "flat tax," that requires all taxes on income to be at the same rate. Article 3. Illinois adopted its fourth (and current) Constitution on December 15, 1970. Illinois government is modeled after the Federal government and the U.S. Constitution. | State executives | These fundamental principles had long been established in American and Illinois constitutional law but are stated in the Illinois Constitution for the sake of completeness. SECTION 2. Article IV sets up rules for the legislative branch. Ballot access for candidates | (Source: Illinois Constitution.) (Source: Illinois Constitution.) The 1870 Constitution remained in force for 100 years. Campaign finance requirements, Who represents me? The Illinois Constitution of 1970 is the basic governing law of Illinois and provides the framework for state and local government. State legislature | Article II declares some principles regarding the powers of the state government and of its parts in relation to one another. Election was by popular vote with 1 judge of 3 elected from each of the divisions of the state (Northern, Central and Southern) for a 9-year term. SECTION 2. It had the same jurisdiction as it had … STATE REVENUE POWER . STATE REVENUE POWER The General Assembly has the exclusive power to raise revenue by law except as limited or otherwise provided in this Constitution. It creates 6 elected offices--Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Comptroller and Treasurer. Provision of the environment and home roll. It afforded equal protection of the laws — prohibitions on rules that arbitrarily discriminate — as well as due process of law. The Illinois Constitution is the basic governing document of the state of Illinois.There have been four Illinois Constitutions. In response, a second constitution was written and adopted in 1848. Court of Appeals | 2 examples of types of subjects found in the Illinois constitution. All students in the state are required to have knowledge of the Illinois Constitution. Currently, the Illinois Constitution (Section 3, Article IX) is explicit that a tax on income shall be nongraduated. suffrage and elections. ARTICLE IX: REVENUE SECTION 1. Article I of Illinois Constitution. Counties. The current version of the Illinois Constitution was ratified by special election on December 15, 1970, and went into effect on July 1, 1971. It has 24 sections. Article II covers the Powers of the State. Leader of the Illinois Judicial Branch. It also put restrictions on the legislative branch. bill of rights. Article IV Constitution of the State of Illinois ARTICLE IV THE LEGISLATURE SECTION 1. School districts in Illinois | Article V of the Illinois Constitution of 1848 established a Supreme Court of 3 judges with 2 of the 3 constituting a quorum. To be admitted into the Union, Illinois had to adopt its own constitution. Healthcare | Illinois voting requirements. What name is given to the elections held the Tuesday after the first Monday in November on even numbered years? exercise powers properly belonging to another. Article I of the Illinois Constitution is entitled Bill of Rights. Article II of the Illinois Constitution is entitled The Powers of the State. The General Assembly has the exclusive power to raise revenue by law except as limited or otherwise provided in this Constitution. | Article V of Illinois Constitution… The Illinois Constitution, unlike the United States Constitution, specifically recognizes the right to be secure against governmental invasions of privacy. (Source: Illinois Constitution.) Largest counties | POWERS OF GOVERNMENT The enumeration in this Constitution of specified powers and functions shall not be construed as a limitation of powers of state government. To be admitted into the Union, Illinois had to adopt its own constitution. Illinois Constitution of 1870 Supreme Court The Constitution of 1870 spelled out the new judicial system in Article VI. Ballotpedia features 319,208 encyclopedic articles written and curated by our professional staff of editors, writers, and researchers. Strictly speaking, the amendment removes a provision from the Illinois Constitution that requires any income tax to be levied at a flat rate on any level of income – the current rate is 4.95%. It also set up the boundaries for the State and named Kaskaskia as the capital. The Constitution of 1848 gave greater responsibilities to the executive and judicial branches. Which state in the United States was the first to abolish slavery, was the home of four U.S. presidents, and has the only river in the entire world that flows backwards? Largest cities | What's on my ballot? Immigration | Features. Article I, section 6 of the Illinois Constitution pro-vides, "The people shall have the right to be secure in their per- sons, houses, papers and other possessions against … Before he enter on the execution of his office, he shall take the following oath or affirmation:--"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States." Article VII creates rules for local governments. Article XIV of the Illinois Constitution is labeled Constitutional Revision. The amendment would remove this limitation and instead opens the door for lawmakers to pass a … The 1870 Constitution again expanded the powers of the executive and judicial branches. Article III of Illinois Constitution. The legislative, executive and judicial branches are separate. VOTING DISQUALIFICATIONS A person convicted of a felony, or otherwise under sentence in a correctional institution or jail, shall lose the right to vote, which right shall be restored not later than upon completion of his sentence. House of Representatives | A third Illinois Constitution was adopted in 1870. It divides the state government into 3 branches: the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. This book, Understanding the Illinois Constitution, has been DUE PROCESS AND EQUAL PROTECTION No person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law nor be denied the equal protection of the laws. Federal courts | LEGISLATURE - POWER AND STRUCTURE The legislative power is vested in a General Assembly consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives, elected by the electors from 59 Legislative Districts and 118 Representative Districts. Election governance | powers of the state. Requirements to be a judge. Energy | the legislature. Legislative, Executive, Judicial. Number of Articles in the Illinois Constitution. Article XIII has general rules covering persons holding public office. Legislatively-referred constitutional amendment, Publication requirements for proposed state constitutional amendments, Rules about constitutional conventions in state constitutions, State constitutional articles governing state legislatures, Number of state constitutional amendments in each state, https://ballotpedia.org/wiki/index.php?title=Article_II,_Illinois_Constitution&oldid=5849053, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, Tracking election disputes, lawsuits, and recounts, Ballotpedia's Daily Presidential News Briefing, Submit a photo, survey, video, conversation, or bio. Article XII allows the General Assembly to form a state militia. 60% of the members of both houses of the Illinois General Assembly vote to place such a question on the … powers of state government.[1]. VIEW CURRENT CONSTITUTION HERE. Article XIV explains how the Illinois Constitution can be changed. Article II declares some principles regarding the powers of the state government and of its parts in relation to one another. It divides Illinois into judicial districts and judicial circuits. Click here to contact our editorial staff, and click here to report an error. Local measures | INTENT: Subject only to the police power needs to be removed because the United States Constitution does not limit the rights of citizens based on police power. Constitution of the State of Illinois ARTICLE IV THE LEGISLATURE SECTION 1. Illinois became a state on December 3, 1818. Let's take a look at how it became a state, and the history of its constitution. Illinois government is modeled after the Federal government and the U.S. Constitution. SECTION 2. However, some provisions, such as the change in the dates f… Article X provides for a free public education for all Illinois residents. 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