In Lepa, only the church and the village's welcome sign remained standing following the tsunami. The Sa'Moana Resort is in the village of Salamumu. REUTERS/Tim Wimborne Australia sent teams of paramedics, doctors, nurses and search and rescue specialists with essential supplies like tents and medicine. Since the earthquakes occurred so close in time, scientists have not been able to distinguish which earthquake occurred first, or which caused a bigger tsunami. This recognition promotes the territory’s ongoing efforts at hardening its warning dissemination (sirens, emergency alert system, social media), conducting regular community and school outreach, and creating evacuation maps and response plans with regular drills. Abstract—On September 29, 2009, an Mw = 8.1 earthquake at 17:48 UTC in Tonga Trench generated a tsunami that caused heavy damage across Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga islands. Local radio stations in Tonga broadcast warnings that a tsunami was possible and that people should move away from coastal villages. The earthquake generated tsunami waves of up to 22 meters (72 feet) that engulfed the shores, killing at least 192 people; 149 in Samoa, 34 in American Samoa, and 9 in Niuatoputapu, Tonga. [27], The eastern part of the island remains without power or water supplies after the earthquake. [9] Damage to the National Park's natural reserves and the destruction of its visitor center and main offices have been reported, while only 20% of the park's 40 to 50 employees and volunteers had been found. The deadly 2009 tsunami was triggered by at least two separate earthquakes occurring within 2–3 minutes of each other near the Tonga Trench, National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program, Historical Tsunami Effects near the Tonga Trench Poster, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for May 5, 2020, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for June 20, 2017, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for October 16, 2018, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for December 26, 2017. In the main villages of Hihifo, Falehau, and Vaipoa, flow heights measured 4 to 7 meters. Honolulu: International Tsunami Information Center. [14] Among the initial U.S. government response is a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) logistics team and staff from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Coast Guard, Federal Aviation Administration, and Department of Defense. [9] The water flowed inland about 100 yd (100 m) before receding, leaving some cars stuck in the mud. But by early Tuesday morning, residents and tourists were struck a devastating blow when a massive earthquake hit 120 miles off the coast of the islands, triggering a tsunami that killed hundreds. Het was de grootste en zwaarste aardbeving van 2009. A mother at the Taufua Beach Fales in Lalomanu watched her three young children swept away by the tsunami. [34], There were no reports of any damage to Vavaʻu island group or to the main island of Tongatapu, where the capital, Nukuʻalofa, is. [18] Journalist Cherelle Jackson reported that the city quickly emptied in the aftermath of the earthquake and tsunami, "All the schools, workplaces everyone has walked up – it's like a ghost town. (2009, September 29). [47] Five small tsunami waves, measuring 25–70 cm (10–28 in) were recorded off the coast of Papeete, Tahiti, between 11:10 am and 12 noon local time on Tuesday. 09/29/2009 Earthquake in Samoa (Samoa Islands) with a magnitude of 8.1. [8], The Los Angeles Times, quoting a source at the National Park of American Samoa, reported that "four tsunami waves, 15 to 20 ft (4.6 to 6 m) high", and "reaching up to a mile (1.6 km) inland" hit American Samoa shortly after the earthquake. Xinhua, [New Zealand to provide 2.9 mln USD extra aid to Samoa New Zealand to provide 2.9 mln USD extra aid to Samoa], The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "tvnz.co.nz-Search continues as death rises", "Samoa tsunami toll may exceed 100, hundreds injured", "Search for bodies continue, death toll rises in South Pacific | NATIONAL News", "Waves hit Tonga, damage but no casualties", "Tsunami toll expected to rise in Samoan islands", "American Samoa governor says tsunami death toll could rise", http://www.talanei.com/2017/04/07/commissioaing-date-for-satala-power-plant-may-25th/, "President Declares Major Disaster For Territory of American Samoa", "Federal Coordinating Officer Lands in American Samoa", "Hawaii Guard, Navy bound for American Samoa", "Ingraham Contributes to Navy's HADR mission", "At least seven dead after quake, tsunami hit Samoa", "Tsunami smashes Pacific islands, over 100 feared dead", "Searching ruins for reason to live after the tsunami", "Two Australians dead, grave fears for others as Samoan tsunami toll rises", "Residents flee tsunami after strong quake in Samoa", "Talofa Lava – Welcome to Sinalei Reef Resort & Spa", "Sa'Moana Resort, South Coast, Upolu Island", Quake triggers deadly tsunamis in Pacific, "Tsunami Sweeps Through Pago Pago;63 Dead", "Samoa's Prime Minister in grief as nation mourns", "Samoa: Samoa/Tonga: Tsunami OCHA Situation Report No. 5 | ReliefWeb", "Up to six NZers feared dead in tsunami – National – NZ Herald News", "Tonga Airports Limited – Airport Info > Niuatoputapu – Mata'aho Airport", "Teams arrive on Tonga's Niuatoputapu at epicentre", "The death toll on a remote Tongan island has risen to nine", "Teams reach Tongan victims – Samoa tsunami – NZ Herald News", "Service held in Tonga for tsunami victims", "Seven confirmed dead from tsunami in Tonga", "Papeete measures 5 small waves during tsunami red alert", "French Polynesia will help islands hit by tsunami", "Surfer survived Samoa tsunami by riding out the waves", "PM John Key to view Samoan damage | Stuff.co.nz", "Tsunami toll could have been worse: Samoan PM – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)", "EC announces aid for Samoan tsunami victims – Foreign", "NZ Red Cross Aid Worker And Equipment to Samoa", "LDS Church continues Samoan relief efforts | Deseret News", "National Next of Kin Registry (NOKR) offers assistance", "ADRA NZ » Blog Archive » Samoa Disaster: ADRA Visits Villages, Meets Survivors", "Samoa appeal closes topping $3.5 millon", "Oxfam sets up rapid response emergency fund for Samoa", "Tsunami Claims Lives in Samoa, Warning Called Off for Most Countries in Region", "TSUNAMI BULLETIN NUMBER 001 – PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS – ISSUED AT 1804Z SEP 29, 2009", "Quake, tsunami near American Samoa kills at least 22", "Highest tides expected near Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo as tsunami advisory prompts L.A. beach closures", "Earthquake List for Map of S Pacific Region", A family devastated by the tsunami – full interview, Tsunami stories of luck and sorrow at airport, Tsunami Animation: Samoan Islands, 29 September 2009, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2009_Samoa_earthquake_and_tsunami&oldid=969179663, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from July 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Aid funds are also being organised by the. But by early Tuesday morning, residents and tourists were struck a devastating blow when a massive earthquake hit 120 miles off the coast of the islands, triggering a tsunami that killed hundreds. [3] Large numbers of American Samoans were said to have been left injured or homeless. [46], Relief efforts undertaken by the Tongan government and Red Cross focused on Niuatoputapu, with support from Australia, New Zealand and France. According to the May 5 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme drought covers 13.4% of the United States including Puerto Rico. According to the June 20 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme drought covers 7.0% of the contiguous U.S. Relief workers in American Samoa and Samoa searched for survivors on Thursday after a series of tsunamis smashed into the tiny Pacific islands, … Niue was reported as reasonably safe because it is high. [6] Similar to American Samoa, knowledge of the threat and recognition of a tsunami’s natural warning signs saved many lives in Samoa. Prior to the tsunami in 2009, Samoa also hosted two international meetings that brought attention to the local hazardous conditions that is common to many Southwest Pacific island nations. American Samoa Governor Togiola Tulafono was in Honolulu, Hawaii for an ocean policy conference at the time of the tsunami struck. [34], On 2 October 2009, an estimated 3000 people were homeless and seeking refuge in shelters set up around the worst-affected villages. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami killed … El terremoto de Samoa de 2009 fue un sismo de magnitud 8,3 en la escala Richter que afectó el archipiélago de Samoa a las 06:48:11 hora local del 29 de septiembre de 2009 (17:48:11 UTC). Leone a small village on a bay was particularly hard-hit. Though this tsunami was not a Pacific-wide hazard, it was very destructive near the earthquake and killed 192 people in Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami Tonga Trench south of the Samoa Islands and north of New Zealand. De aardbeving bij de Samoa-eilanden op 29 september had een kracht van 8,0 Mw en vond plaats om 06:48:11 lokale tijd (17:48:11 UTC). The devastation extended beyond human casualties with houses destroyed, cars swept out to sea and some villages being virtually annihilated. On an idyllic Monday night in 2009, the palm-lined coasts of the American Samoa, Samoa, and Tonga Islands looked peaceful and serene. [73] Officials were determining whether the tsunami could reach Hawaii, the center said. A further 7 RNZAF and 2 Royal Australian Air Force Hercules flights were made, and a RAAF C-17 Globemaster also provided airlift support to ferry relief supplies. Starting in 2007, Samoa ran National Tsunami Drills in Apia to prepare for tsunamis, raising public awareness that during a worst-case scenario, villages would have only 15 minutes before the tsunami arrived. The tsunami generated by the earthquake of September 29, 2009 was destructive along the coasts of Samoa, American Samoa and Tonga. [46], The government appealed for clothing and bedding donations for residents in Niuatoputapu. These included EERI member and dation. The deadly 2009 tsunami was triggered by at least two separate earthquakes occurring within 2–3 minutes of each other near the Tonga Trench, one of the most seismically active areas in the world. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone.The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a … The United States sent the US Navy frigate USS Ingraham, two US Air Force C-17 Globemaster III aircraft from the 154th Wing, and 90 members of the Hawaii National Guard to American Samoa to assist in the relief efforts there. [11] The water division of the American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA) announced that it will bring water in tanker trucks to affected villages. [11], U.S. President Barack Obama declared a major disaster for its dependent territory, American Samoa, allowing federal funds to be used for rescues, life support, and public health and safety measures. It was possible that a strongly decreased wave could reach Hawaii. In this region, the Pacific plate subducts westward beneath the Australia plate at the Tonga Trench. He "also witnessed looting in one of the stores".[10]. [21] The village of Poutasi on the south west coast of Upolu was reported with extensive damage in a TVNZ news item, along with its neighbouring Villages of Satalo and Salani being completely wiped out. [47], In the Marquesas Islands, some bays were nearly emptied of their water before a wave crashed back in and refilled the area. [52][53][54] The New Zealand government also pledged over NZ$12 million for relief efforts.[55]. Accessed September 30, 2009. Story Highlights At least 111 dead in Samoan islands and Tonga after Pacific tsunami Officials fear death toll will rise as rescue workers reach outlying villages Magnitude-8.0 … The United States said federal aid would be made available to combat the devastation. [31] Samoan officials confirmed the runway at Faleolo International Airport on Upolu was safe by early afternoon (30 September 2009). "[48] FRANZ stands for France, Australia and New Zealand, three large countries who traditionally provide aid in Oceania following natural disasters. Approximately 192 families were left homeless and the homes of 143 additional families were damaged in the tsunami in the villages of Hihifo, Falehau and Vaipoa. In 2012, American Samoa received TsunamiReady recognition, from the NOAA National Weather Service. [11], The water system was also damaged in the earthquake, and the supply of fresh water to eastern parts of American Samoa has been disrupted due to broken water lines. [74], A tsunami advisory was issued for coastal California and the San Francisco Bay Area beginning at 9:00 pm local time as a precaution.[75][76]. The government had initially feared a wave of approximately 90 cm (35 in), with the ability to strike all parts of the sprawling territory. It was the largest earthquake of 2009. Also, basic needs and basic commodities, including electrical generators, medical supplies, and pharmaceutical drugs were sent out, and multiple planes are being prepared for more cargo and personnel, including FEMA, HHS, and Coast Guard staff and experts from the Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and Red Cross. Scores are killed as tsunami hits Samoa Islands. The death toll on the island has risen to nine. Concern centered on the Marquesas Islands, the northernmost archipelago in French Polynesia. Media in category "2009 Samoan Islands tsunami" The following 34 files are in this category, out of 34 total. [58], A tsunami warning was initially issued for American Samoa, Samoa, Niue, Wallis and Futuna, Tokelau, the Cook Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Kiribati, the Kermadec Islands, Fiji, Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, New Zealand, French Polynesia, Palmyra Island, Vanuatu, Nauru, Marshall Islands, and Solomon Islands. Luckily, many of the residents were able to evacuate to higher places during the first and second smaller waves. A television sits at the water's edge at the tsunami destroyed village of Saleapaga on Samoa's southern coast October 2, 2009. [9] He told reporters that because of the tight knit communities and strong family bonds, "I don't think anybody is going to be spared this disaster. [24], A number of tourist resorts are located on Upolu's south coast. [47], French Polynesian President Oscar Temaru wrote to the heads of American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga offering support following the tsunami,[dead link][48] "On behalf of the people and the government of French Polynesia, I would like to convey our most sincere expression of condolence and solidarity in the wake of the Tsunami that just hit your people...We have, within the FRANZ framework decided to send both human and material help. These were distributed within the islands by RNZAF Bell UH-1H helicopters. Die Intensität des Erdbebens erreichte nach den Angaben des United States Geological Survey eine Momenten-Magnitude von 8,0 Mw. mceer.buffalo.edu Massive earthquake (8.0 magnitude) creates tsunami in Samoa; get the latest news from the BBC, New York Times, USGS, & other authorities. The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). [47], Outside of the Marquesas, the threat of a tsunami largely passed without much incidence. [37], The main impact in Tonga was in the northern part of the island kingdom where there were deaths, injuries and extensive damage[38] on Niuatoputapu, a flat coral island[39] 500 km north of the main island Tongatapu, and reportedly closest to the epicentre of the earthquake. Also, visit NCEI’s Natural Hazards website for more earthquake and tsunami data, images, and educational materials. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial damage and loss of life in Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. [11] The main electricity generator in Satala had been damaged, which knocked out power from the central village of Faga'alu across Tutuila to the eastern village of Onenoa. This tsunami was generated by an 8.1 magnitude earthquake near the Samoan Islands on September 29, 2009. [10], Confirmed death tolls rose to 22 people, with many people still missing in the villages of Leone and Pago Pago. [45] Three people are missing and four sustained serious injuries. In 2017, UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) recognized Samoa’s first UNESCO IOC Tsunami Ready community, a pilot project that recognizes tsunami mitigation, preparedness, and response activities. September 29, 2009 Samoa Tsunami, Southwest Pacific Ocean The tsunami that was triggered by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake on September 29, 2009, caused significant damage and loss of life on Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. [32], The Prime Minister made his first address to the nation, after the tsunami, on 1 October. [44] 289 families lived in residences which escaped damage in the disaster. [50], New Zealand dispatched RNZAF P-3 Orions to assess the damage and search for bodies. For more information on how you can prepare for a tsunami, visit the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program. The tsunami was generated by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake that occurred about 190 km southwest of American Samoa at 6:48 a.m. Samoa Standard Time. [36], The Samoa government and the people of Samoa held a national funeral at Apia Park for tsunami victims on 8 October 2009 (Samoa local time). "[18], Twenty villages on Upolu south side were reportedly destroyed, including Lepa, the home of Samoa's Prime Minister[19] Tuilaepa Lupesoliai Sailele Malielegaoi. [47] Unlike the other islands of French Polynesia, the Marquesas have no protective coral reefs which would absorb the impact of a potential tsunami. On the 29th of September in 2009 and 8.0 Earthquake in Samoa caused a Tsunami with waves as high as 15ft. An RNZAF C-130 Hercules with medical staff and supplies, makeshift morgues, stretchers, tents and food was sent on the 30th. The island is isolated with a population of around 1,000 people. Samoa Earthquake and Tsunami of September 29, 2009 Multiple reconnaissance teams traveled to Samoa in October and November 2009, and contributed to the preparation of this report. [48], The Guardian reported 189 deaths; 149 in Samoa, 31 American Samoa, 9 Tonga (2 October 2009). And the tsunami struck exactly when Samoa was already facing the full force of the global economic crisis. At least three major waves hit, with the highest 22 meters on the southern coast of Tafahi. The wave, which also hit American Samoa and northern Tonga, was generated by a massive 8.1 magnitude undersea earthquake which struck at 6.48am local time and was felt widely in Samoa. These include Coconuts Beach Resort[25] and Sinalei Reef Resort and Spa[26] in the village of Siumu. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center recorded a 3-inch (76 mm) rise in sea levels near the epicenter, and New Zealand scientists determined that the waves measured 14 metres (46 ft) at their highest on the Samoan coast. [46] Tonga's acting Prime Minister Lord Tuita said the government is sending a second plane to Niuatoputapu, but that communication links have been damaged. [11] The Satala electrical plant may be out of service for a month or more until repairs can be made, with the American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA) stating that power will be out indefinitely. Samoa's prime minister, Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi, said damage on the nation's two main islands, which contain almost all the 180,000 population, was extensive. Reliant on remittances and tourism, the economy of Samoa shrunk by 5.2 percent in 2009, as things got tougher in sending countries, and the nation’s only major manufacturer—an automotive components plant—laid off more than 1,550 workers. 29 SEPTEMBER 2009 SAMOA TSUNAMI A. Annunziato1, G. Franchello1, E. Ulutas2, T. De Groeve1 1 – Joint Research Centre, European Commission 2 – University of Kocaeli, Turkey The mission of the JRC-IPSC is to provide The 2009 Samoa tsunami was caused by three earthquakes occurring within minutes of each other. [47] The first tsunami wave at 11:10 am measured 25 cm (10 in), while the second recorded wave was measured at 35 cm (14 in) at 11:23 am[47] The waves gradually increased in size, with the fifth, and last wave, being recorded at 70 cm (28 in) tall at 12:03 pm. Le séisme de 2009 aux Samoa est un séisme intra-plaque[1] qui s'est produit le 29 septembre 2009 à 17 h 48 min UTC (6 h 48 min heure locale), à environ 200 km au sud-ouest d'Apia, la capitale de l'archipel des Samoa, avec une magnitude de 8[2], suivi d'un tsunami qui a touché les îles Samoa et Tonga. New York Times. This page was last edited on 23 July 2020, at 20:59. Samoa Islands Tsunami on Sep. 29, 2009 We have simulated the tsunami generated from the the Samoa earthquake (15.509 S, 172.034 W, Mw = 8.0 at 17:48:10 UTC according to USGS) on September 29, 2009… Samoan Prime Minister Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi, and his Deputy Prime Minister Misa Telefoni Retzlaff were in Auckland, New Zealand, at the time of the earthquake. [57], Other aid came from concerned individuals and groups throughout the world, namely New Zealand, Australia, the United States and Canada. 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